Elton Hills

Elementary School

Articulation Disorder

Speech Sound Disorders: Articulation and Phonological Processes

An articulation disorder may be diagnosed when a child has difficulty correctly producing phonemes, or speech sounds.

Different types of articulation disorders include:
Omissions: certain sounds are deleted, often at the ends of words; entire syllables or classes of sounds may be deleted; ex: 'fi for fish.'

Substitutions: one sound is substituted for another, often with similar places or manners or articulation; ex: 'fith for fish'.

Distortions: sounds are changed slightly by what may seem like the addition of noise, or a change in voicing; ex: 'filsh for fish'.

Many children frequently have difficulty on the 's, r, l and th' sounds.
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